Turn on your television or surf through Facebook and you’ll probably see at least one group or “guru” promising to show you how to “get rich quick” in real estate investing. But the truth is much of what they’re trying to sell are high-risk tactics not a good fit for the average investor. There is a way to make steady, predictable, fairly low-risk income through real estate investment. Let's examine the tried-and-true tactics to use to increase your income, pay off debt … maybe even fund your retirement!
WHY INVEST IN REAL ESTATE?
One of the basic principles of real estate investment lies in the fact everyone needs a place to live. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ recent Consumer Expenditures Survey, housing is typically an American’s largest expense.1 But there are other reasons why real estate is an awesome investment choice, and here are the top five:
Appreciation is the increase in your property’s value over time. History has proven that over an extended period of time, the value of real estate continues to rise. That doesn’t mean recessions won’t occur. The real estate market is cyclical, and market ups and downs are natural. When the U.S. housing market took a sharp downturn in 2008 many properties took several years to recover value. However, in the vast majority of markets, and certainly in California, the value of real estate historically has grown over the long term.
The S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller National Home Price Index, which tracks U.S. residential real estate prices, released its latest results on August 29 with the headline “National Home Price Index Rises Again to All Time High.”2
And while no investment is without risk, real estate has proven again and again to be a solid choice to invest your money over the long term.
Hedge Against Inflation
Inflation is the rate at which the general cost of goods and services rises. As inflation rises, prices go up. This means the money you have in your bank account is essentially worth less because your purchasing power has decreased.
Luckily, real estate prices also rise with inflation. Any money you have invested in real estate will rise with (or even exceed) the rate of inflation. Therefore, real estate is a smart place to put your money to guard against inflation.
One of the big benefits of investing in real estate over the stock market is its ability to provide a fairly steady and predictable monthly cash flow. That is, if you choose to rent out your investment property to a tenant, you can expect to receive a rent payment each month.
If you’ve invested wisely, the rent payment should cover the debt obligation you may have on the property (i.e. mortgage), as well as repairs and maintenance needed. Ideally, the monthly rental income would be great enough to leave you a little extra cash each month, as well. You could then use that extra money to pay off the mortgage principle faster, cover your own household expenses, or save for another investment property.
Even if you only take in enough rent to cover your expenses, a rental property purchase should pay for itself over time. As you pay down the mortgage every month with your rental income, your equity will continue to increase, until you own the property free and clear … leaving you with residual cash flow for years to come.
As the owner, you will also benefit from the property’s appreciation when you sell. This can be a great way to save for retirement or fund a child’s college education. Purchase a property when the child is young, and with a little discipline, it can be paid off by the time they are ready to go to college. You can sell it for a lump sum, or use the monthly income to pay their tuition and expenses.
One of the unique features that sets real estate apart from other asset classes is the ability to leverage your investment. Leverage is the use of borrowed capital to increase the potential return of an investment. (Leverage is otherwise known as debt.)
For example, if you purchase an investment property for $100,000, you might put 10% down ($10,000) and borrow the remaining $90,000 in the form of a mortgage.
Even though you’ve only invested $10,000 at this point, you have the ability to earn a profit on the entire $100,000 investment. So, if the property appreciates to $120,000 – a 20% increase over the purchase price – you still only have to pay the bank back the original $90,000 (plus interest) … and you get to keep the $20,000 profit.
That means you made $20,000 off of a $10,000 investment, essentially doubling your money, even though the market only went up by 20%! That’s the power of leverage.
One of the top reasons to invest in real estate is the tax benefit. There are numerous ways a real estate investment can save you money each year on taxes:
When you record your income from a rental property on your annual tax return, you get to deduct any expenses associated with the investment. This includes interest paid on the mortgage, maintenance, repairs and improvements, but it also includes something called depreciation.Depreciation is the theoretical loss your property suffers each year due to aging. While it’s true that as a home ages it will structurally need repairs and systems will eventually need to be replaced, we’ve also learned in this post that the value of real estate appreciates over time. So getting to claim a “loss” on your investment that is actually gaining in value makes real estate an appealing investment choice.
Serial Home Selling
Even if you’re not interested in owning a rental property, other types of real estate investments offer tax advantages, as well. Generally, when you own an investment property you pay a capital gains tax on any profits you make when you sell the property.
However, when you sell your principal residence, you are exempt from paying taxes on capital gains (up to $250,000 for singles and $500,000 for couples). The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) only requires that you live in the house for two of the previous five years. That means you can purchase an investment property, live in it while you remodel it, and then sell it for a tax-free profit two years later. This can be a great way to get started in real estate investing.
Section 1031 Exchanges
In addition to profiting off of your personal residence tax free, it is possible to sell an investment property tax free if you do it through a 1031 Exchange. If structured properly, the IRS Tax Code enables an investor to sell a property and reinvest the proceeds in a new property while deferring all capital gains taxes.
Tax-Deferred Retirement Account
It’s a common misconception that you can only purchase financial instruments (i.e. stocks, bonds, mutual funds, etc.) through an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) or 401(k). In actuality, the IRS allows individuals to invest retirement funds in real estate and other alternative types of investments, as well. By purchasing your investment property through an IRA, you can take advantage of all of the tax savings these accounts offer.
Be sure to consult a tax professional regarding all tax matters related to your real estate investments. If structured correctly, the profits you earn on your real estate investments can be largely shielded from tax liability. Just another reason to choose real estate as your preferred investment vehicle.
TYPES OF REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS
While there are numerous ways to invest in real estate, we’re going to focus on three primary ways average investors earn money through real estate. We touched on several of these already in the previous section.
Remodel and Resell
HGTV has countless “reality” shows with property flippers who make this investment strategy look so easy. Commonly known as a “Fix and Flip,” investors purchase a property with the intention of remodeling it in a short period of time, with the hope of selling it quickly for a profit.
This is a riskier tactic, and one for which the real estate “gurus” mentioned earlier claim to have the magic formula. They promise huge profits in a short amount of time. But investors need to understand the risks involved, and be prepared financially to cover additional expenses that may arise. Unless you are a contractor, this might look like fun but not be the investment strategy for you.
However an experienced real estate agent can help you identify properties that may be good candidates for this type of investment… and help you avoid some of the pitfalls that could ruin your plans.
A popular choice for investing in real estate is purchasing a rental property. The appeal is you generate cash flow to cover the expenses while taking advantage of the property’s long-term appreciation and tax benefits. It’s a win-win, and a great way for first-time investors to get started.
And according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, rents for primary residences have increased 21.9 percent between 2007 and 2015 as demand for rental units continues to grow.1
There is a huge movement toward a “sharing economy,” platforms that facilitate short-term rentals such as Airbnb and HomeAway. The popularity has created a trend toward dual-purpose vacation homes. Owners live there part of the year and rent it out the rest of the time. There are also a growing number of investors purchasing single-family homes for the sole purpose of leasing them In this manner.
Short-term rentals offer several benefits over traditional rentals, which many investors find attractive, including flexibility and higher profit margins. The most profitable properties are strategically located near popular tourist destinations. You’ll need an experienced real estate professional to help you identify the right property in the right location if you want to be successful in this highly-competitive market.
DOES REAL ESTATE INVESTING SOUND TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE?
We all know someone who Made a fortune with a well-timed real estate purchase. But as with any investment strategy a high potential for earnings goes hand-in-hand with a high risk. But a well-executed real estate investment can be one of the best choices for your money.
Purchasing a home to remodel and resell can be highly profitable, as long as you have a trusted team in place to complete the remodel quickly and within budget … and the financial means to carry the property for a few extra months if delays occur.
Or, if you buy a house for appreciation and cash flow, you can ride through the market ups and downs without stress because you know your property value is bound to increase over time, and your expenses are covered by your rental income.
In either scenario, make sure you’re working with a real estate agent who has knowledge of the investment market and can guide you through the process. No investment is without risk but a conservative, well-planned investment in real estate can add to your income and set up your future financial security.
If you are considering an investment in real estate you will want to contact Four Corners Real Estate Group and set up a free consultation. We have experience working with all types of investors. Let us help you determine the best strategy to meet your investment goals.
It's a good life
Bureau of Labor Statistics Consumer Expenditure Survey Annual Report – https://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/consumer-expenditures/2015/home.htm
S&P Dow Jones Indices Press Release –
Durden, T. (2016 November 29). US Home Prices Rise Above July 2006 Levels, Hit New Record High [blog post] ZeroHedge –